Orbital Characteristics

 


What orbitals look like?

Shapes of S, P and D orbitals

s orbital. p orbitals. • p orbitals. – Orbitals with l = 1 are p orbitals and contain a nodal plane that includes the nucleus, giving rise to a dumbbell shape. – The size and complexity of the p orbitals for any atom increase as the principal quantum number n increases. • d orbitals. – Orbitals with l = 2 are d orbitals and have more complex shapes with at least two nodal surfaces. • f orbitals. – Orbitals with l = 3 are f orbitals, and each f orbital has three nodal surfaces, so their shapes are complex. d orbitals.